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Infusion pumps deliver fluids to a patient’s body. They can deliver small or large amounts of fluids for different applications. In general, the fluids delivered are hormones, antibiotics, or pain relievers. All infusion pumps have a mechanism to push liquids to the patient such as a syringe or balloon.
Knowing your your application, safety requirements, and what type of fluids you are delivering are important to finding the best infusion pump to rent. Always consider the manufacturer of the infusion pump to ensure compatibility with your current system.
Know the type of infusion pump you need
There are many types of infusion pumps. The following list are the common pumps you will find on the market today. Infusion Pumps, in general, are either powered electronically or mechanically. Most pumps operate in different ways.
General Purpose Pumps
A general pump, or large volume pump, can administer large amounts of fluid. These types of pumps administer intravascular fluids such as drugs or blood.
Patient-controlled Analgesia (PCA) Pump
These types of pumps allow the patient to administer the delivery of fluids. PCA Pumps deliver pain medication in predetermined amounts to prohibit overdosing.
Syringe Driver Pump
Syringe pumps use a motor to push the plunger on a syringe which in turns inject fluid into the patient. The fluids are in a reservoir while the moveable piston controls the delivery.
Ambulatory or portable infusion pumps
Portable infusion pumps, often called ambulatory infusion pumps, are for patients who need continuous support. The reservoir is located within a container. A syringe mechanism powers administered fluids. Ambulatory pumps are usually used when fluids need constant administration.
Other types of pumps
Elastomeric Pumps: fluids are inside a ballon reservoir. Pressure from the stretchable walls drive fluid delivery.
Smart Pumps: have safety features such as alerts to prevent the risk of drug interactions.
Peristaltic Pumps: Rollers squeeze the length of tubing pushing liquids out.
Multi-channel Pumps: deliver from many reservoirs, a different rates, and often at the same time.
Insulin Pumps: administer insulin to patients with diabetes, and are for home use.
Enteral Pumps: deliver fluids to the digestive track.
Infusion pumps, when not used well, can spark safety issues. Before renting, check with the FDA’s improvement initiative to stay up to date with infusion pump standards and best practices.
Know the features you need
Increased awareness of safety has changed the way most hospitals or medical professionals buy or rent infusion pumps. When renting, not only consider the technology of the infusion pump, but consider the ease of use. Does the pump have an error reduction system (DERS)? Is the library configurable? Is the pump you are renting compatible with other systems you already have in place?
Common manufacturers of infusion pumps include: Heska, Alaris, Mindray, Nipro, Stryker, CareFusion, Smith Medical, Zoll Brand, and Meditech